What happened at the First Crusade timeline?

First Crusade

Date 15 August 1096 – 12 August 1099
Location The Levant and Anatolia
Result Crusader victory
Territorial changes The Crusade assists in capturing Nicaea, restoring much of western Anatolia to the Byzantine Empire The Crusaders successfully capture Jerusalem and establish the Crusader states

What is the timeline of the Crusaders?

The Crusades were a series of religious wars initiated, supported, and sometimes directed by the Latin Church in the medieval period. The best known of these Crusades are those to the Holy Land in the period between 1095 and 1291 that were intended to recover Jerusalem and its surrounding area from Islamic rule.

How long did the 2nd Crusade last?

role of St. Bernard … promote the cause of a Second Crusade (1147–49) to quell the prospect of a great Muslim surge engulfing both Latin and Greek Orthodox Christians.

Which crusade was Richard the Lionheart in?

the Third Crusade
During the Third Crusade (1189 to 1192), Richard the Lionheart and other Christian forces went to recapture Jerusalem from the sultan Saladin (the Western name for Salah al-Din ibn Ayyub), who had united the Muslim world when he captured the Holy City from the Christians.

Who won the 2nd crusade?

Second Crusade

Date 1147–1150
Result Anatolia: Decisive Muslim victory Crusader failure to restore the County of Edessa Peace treaty between the Byzantine Empire and the Sultanate of Rum Beginning of Crusader advances into Egypt Levant Status quo ante bellum Zengid military victory Iberia: Crusader victory

Why did Urban II call the First Crusade?

Why exactly did Pope Urbanus II issue the call that resulted in what we now term the ‘First Crusade’? Traditional history says that it was in reaction to the aggressive regime of the Seljuk Turks, who had inflicted a crippling defeat on the Roman Empire at Manzikert twenty-five years before.

What did Pope Urban II want the Crusaders to do?

Pope Urban II orders first Crusade. On November 27, 1095, Pope Urban II makes perhaps the most influential speech of the Middle Ages, giving rise to the Crusades by calling all Christians in Europe to war against Muslims in order to reclaim the Holy Land, with a cry of “Deus vult!” or “God wills it!”

When did Pope urbane call for the First Crusade?

The First Crusade (1095–1099), called for by Pope Urban II, was the first of a number of crusades that attempted to recapture the Holy Lands. It was launched on November 27, 1095, by Pope Urban II with the primary goal of responding to an appeal from Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos, who had been defeated by Turkish forces.

What did Pope Urban II promise the Crusaders?

What did Pope promised soldiers fought in the Crusades? Pope Urban II knew that this was an arduous journey and that it would take a great deal to get kings and nobility to quite fighting among themselves, so he promised salvation to those who “took up the Cross” and fought in the Crusades .