What is electronic transition and its types?

There are three types of electronic transition which can be considered; Transitions involving p, s, and n electrons. Transitions involving charge-transfer electrons. Transitions involving d and f electrons (not covered in this Unit)

How do you identify electronic transitions?

The electronic transitions in organic compounds and some other compounds can be determined by ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy, provided that transitions in the ultraviolet (UV) or visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum exist for this compound.

In which molecule all the four types of electronic transitions are possible?

there are four types electronic transition possible in molecules:

  • σ to σ*
  • n to σ*
  • n to π*
  • π to π*

What is meant by electronic spectra?

electron spectroscopy, method of determining the energy with which electrons are bound in chemical species by measuring the kinetic energies of the electrons emitted upon bombardment of the species with X-ray or ultraviolet radiation.

Which wavelength is suitable for electronic transition?

While interaction with infrared light causes molecules to undergo vibrational transitions, the shorter wavelength, higher energy radiation in the UV (200-400 nm) and visible (400-700 nm) range of the electromagnetic spectrum causes many organic molecules to undergo electronic transitions.

What is the difference between and electronic energy level and a vibrational energy level?

Vibrational energy: the oscillatory motion of atoms or groups of atoms within a molecule (potential energy ↔ kinetic energy exchange). Electronic energy: energy stored as potential energy in excited electronic configurations. The atom is at least partially in an excited state. The atom is vibrating at frequency, ν.

What is transition in physics?

transition, alteration of a physical system from one state, or condition, to another. In atomic and particle physics, transitions are often described as being allowed or forbidden (see selection rule).

What is meant by electronic transition moment?

The electronic transition accompanying absorption of a photon by a molecule is known as electronic absorption or electronic excitation. Electronic transition moments are defined as the probability for a given excitation energy transition to take place.

When are the electronic transitions between the two states forbidden?

The electronic transitions between the two states are forbidden when the overlap integral 〈 Ψ v ′ | Ψ v ″ 〉 vanishes.

How do you find the probability of an electronic transition?

The probability of electronic transition is then given as where, 〈 Ψ v ′ | Ψ v ″ 〉 2, the squared overlap integral of the vibrational wavefunctions in the initial and final electronic states, is called the Franck-Condon factor for the v ′ → v ″ vibrational band of the electronic transition.