At what age is TB vaccine given?

Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination is compulsory in 64 countries and recommended in others [1]. Recently, the World Health Organization expanded programs of immunization recommended BCG at 3 months [2], while in many areas there is vaccination at birth [3], at school entry and in adolescence [4].

How is the TB vaccine administered?

The vaccine is given just under the skin (intradermally), usually in the left upper arm. This is the recommended site, so that small scar left after vaccination can be easily found in the future as evidence of previous vaccination.

How often do you need a tuberculosis vaccine?

required to have TB screening more often? Minimum state regulations require TB screening once every 4 years.

What countries require TB vaccine?

Table 3

Country Current BCG Vaccination Timing of BCG 1
India Yes At birth
China Yes At birth
Indonesia Yes After birth, within 1 yr
Nigeria Yes At birth

How long is TB shot good for?

The BCG vaccine can be anywhere from 0 to 80% effective in preventing tuberculosis for a duration of 15 years; however, its protective effect appears to vary according to geography and the lab in which the vaccine strain was grown.

Why is BCG not given anymore?

However, BCG is not generally recommended for use in the United States because of the low risk of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the variable effectiveness of the vaccine against adult pulmonary TB, and the vaccine’s potential interference with tuberculin skin test reactivity.

Do they still vaccinate for TB?

The tuberculosis (TB) vaccine is rarely used in the United States. It is only recommended for children living with someone who is actively infected with TB who either (1) cannot take antibiotics to treat the infection or (2) is infected with a strain of TB that is highly resistant to all antibiotics.

Is TB injection still given in schools?

Schoolchildren will no longer be immunised against tuberculosis after public health experts decided the vaccination programme has little impact on control of the disease, the government said today.

Why does TB vaccine leave a scar?

The BCG vaccine contains live attenuated Mycobacterium bovis and following intradermal injection the BCG vaccine elicits a local immune response. This response most often results in an ulcer that heals over weeks and leaves a flat permanent scar at the injection site [2].

Can you still get tuberculosis if vaccinated?

This vaccine is not widely used in the United States, but it is often given to infants and small children in other countries where TB is common. The BCG vaccine is not very good at protecting adults against TB. You can still get TB infection or TB disease even if you were vaccinated with BCG.