How does hyperthermia treat cancer?

Local hyperthermia is used to heat a small area like a tumor. Very high temperatures are used to kill the cancer cells and destroy nearby blood vessels. In effect, this cooks the area that is exposed to the heat.

Does hyperthermia work for cancer?

Hyperthermia is a type of treatment in which body tissue is heated to as high as 113 °F to help damage and kill cancer cells with little or no harm to normal tissue. Hyperthermia to treat cancer is also called thermal therapy, thermal ablation, or thermotherapy.

Is hyperthermia treatment painful?

Local hyperthermia side effects. Include pain at the site of therapy. You could also have: Infection.

What is the best treatment for hyperthermia?

The definitive treatment for heat-related illness is total body cooling. Conduction and evaporation are the two modes of cooling employed in the treatment of heat-related illnesses. Studies have shown ice-water immersion to be the most rapidly effective.

What happens if hyperthermia is not treated?

Hyperthermia’s most serious stage is heat stroke. It can be fatal. Other heat-related illnesses can lead to heat stroke if they aren’t treated effectively and quickly. Heat stroke can occur when your body temperature reaches above 104°F (40°C).

How long does hyperthermia last?

People should seek medical attention if heat cramps last longer than one hour after they have rested in a cool place. Medical attention should also be sought for general symptoms that do not improve within 30 minutes of rest and care.

What is the drug of choice for malignant hyperthermia?

The main treatment for malignant hyperthermia is a drug called dantrolene (Dantrium®). Anesthesiologists administer this drug immediately if they suspect malignant hyperthermia. They also stop giving the triggering anesthetic, and the surgeon ends the surgery as soon as possible.

What are the side effects of hyperthermia treatment?

Side Effects of Hyperthermia for Cancer

  • Infection.
  • Bleeding.
  • Blood clots.
  • Swelling.
  • Burning.
  • Blistering.
  • Damage to your skin, muscles, and nerves near the treated area.

How to diagnose malignant hyperthermia?

Switch off active warming devices.

  • Active cooling measures should be proportionate to the increase in core body temperature and can range from simply exposing the patient to cardiopulmonary bypass.
  • If the core body temperature exceeds 39 ºC,aggressive cooling should be instituted.
  • What are the signs of malignant hyperthermia?

    – Internal bleeding – Brain injury/coma – Increased acid in the body – Fluid in the lungs – Cardiac arrest – Kidney and liver failure

    What is the treatment for malignant hyperthermia?


  • Hyperkalaemia
  • Arrythmias
  • Myoglobinurua
  • Disseminated intravascular coagulation
  • Compartment syndrome
  • How is malignant hyperthermia diagnosed?

    Malignant hyperthermia is diagnosed on clinical grounds, but various laboratory investigations may prove confirmatory. These include a raised creatine kinase level, elevated potassium, increased phosphate (leading to decreased calcium) and—if determined—raised myoglobin; this is the result of damage to muscle cells.