Who was Lysias in Phaedrus?
Lysias was one of the three sons of Cephalus, the patriarch whose home is the setting for Plato’s Republic. Lysias was perhaps the most famous logographos (λογογράφος, lit. “argument writer”) in Athens during the time of Plato.
Who is Lysias in Plato?
Lysias was the son of Cephalus, a wealthy native of Syracuse who settled in Athens. Plato, at the opening of the Republic, had drawn a charming picture of Cephalus and his sons Lysias and Polemarchus. After studying rhetoric in Italy, Lysias returned to Athens in 412. It was possibly then that he taught rhetoric.
Is Lysias an Athenian citizen?
Lysias (c. 445-c. 380 BC) was an Athenian metic- a formal resident of Athens but not a full Athenian citizen. His family’s prosperity came from a shield factory, which they operated until, during the oligarchic revolution of 404-403, the Thirty Tyrants killed Lysias’ brother Polemarchus and confiscated their property.
Was Lysias a supporter of the Thirty Tyrants?
Lysias,an allegedly disabled man, defends himself against accusations of not being eligible for a pension before the Council (Boule). A man defends himself against a charge of treason; he is accused of being a supporter of the Thirty Tyrants.
Was Lysias a Metic?
Lysias son of Cephalus ( 459/8-post 380 ) was a metic (a resident alien) whose father moved to Athens from Syracuse at the invitation of Pericles.
What does the name Phaedrus mean?
Phaedrus, whose name translates to “bright” or “radiant”, was born to a wealthy family sometime in the mid-5th century BC, and was the first cousin of Plato’s stepbrother Demos.
What happened to Lysias brother Polemarchus?
association with Lysias Tyrants, he and his brother Polemarchus were seized as aliens. Polemarchus was killed, but Lysias escaped to Megara, where he helped the cause of exiled Athenian democrats. On the restoration of Athenian democracy in 403, he returned to Athens and began writing speeches for litigants.
What is the subject of Lysias speech against Eratosthenes?
“Against Eratosthenes” is a speech by Lysias, one of the ten Attic orators. In the speech, Lysias accuses Eratosthenes, a member of the Thirty Tyrants who ruled Athens following the Peloponnesian War, of the murder of his brother, Polemarchus (around 403 BCE).
Who defeated the Thirty Tyrants?
The End of the Thirty Tyrants The Thirty Tyrants became fearful and sent to Sparta for help, but the Spartan king rejected Lysander’s bid to support the Athenian oligarchs, and so the 3000 citizens were able to depose the terrible thirty. After the Thirty Tyrants were deposed, democracy was restored to Athens.
Was Socrates part of the Thirty Tyrants?
Though the details are vague, many historians believe Socrates was one of these specially appointed citizens, since several of his former pupils were also members of the Thirty Tyrants. His association could not have lasted long.
What is the theme of Phaedrus?
The central theme of this dialogue is Eros. The problem of love serves as the provocation for the speeches, the content of the speeches and the reflection upon speech as a whole.
Who discovered the diameter of the earth?
By around 500 B.C., most ancient Greeks believed that Earth was round, not flat. But they had no idea how big the planet is until about 240 B.C., when Eratosthenes devised a clever method of estimating its circumference.