## What are the assumptions of the Bertrand model?

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Assumptions of Bertrand Competiton A homogenous product which consumers are indifferent between. Firms can easily increase output and there are no capacity constraints. If a firm increases the price, the model assumes that all demand will move to the cheaper firm.

**What is different about the two models the Cournot and Bertrand models are different in that?**

The Cournot model considers firms that make an identical product and make output decisions simultaneously. The Bertrand model considers firms that make and identical product but compete on price and make their pricing decisions simultaneously.

**At what point does the price war in a Bertrand oligopoly with two firms end?**

At what point does the price war in a Bertrand oligopoly with two firms end? Inverse market demand is: P = 1,000 – (Ql+ 02).

### Is there a first mover advantage in the Bertrand duopoly model?

Is there a first mover advantage in the Bertrand duopoly model with homogeneous products? No, the second-mover would be able to set a slightly lower price and capture the full market share.

**Is Bertrand model efficient?**

Bertrand competition has traditionally been considered as more efficient in welfare terms than Cournot competition because it leads to lower prices and larger quantities (see for example Shubik, 1980, Vives, 1985, Singh and Vives, 1984).

**What do the Cournot and Bertrand models have in common the Cournot and Bertrand models have in common that quizlet?**

What do the Cournot and Bertrand models have in common? The Cournot and Bertrand models have in common that firms produce a homogenous good.

## Is the Bertrand model a more useful model of firm competition than the Cournot model?

Bertrand competition is generally viewed as more efficient in welfare terms than Cournot competition.

**What happens to the homogeneous good Bertrand equilibrium price if the number of firms increases?**

What happens to the homogeneous-good Bertrand equilibrium price if the number of firms increases? will not affect the equilibrium price. Solve for the Bertrand equilibrium for the firms described in Problem 32 if both firms have a marginal cost of $0 per unit.

**What is Bertrand Nash equilibrium?**

In a Bertrand model of oligopoly, firms independently choose prices (not quantities) in order to maximize profits. This is accomplished by assuming that rivals’ prices are taken as given. The resulting equilibrium is a Nash equilibrium in prices, referred to as a Bertrand (Nash) equilibrium.

### What is first mover advantage in Stackelberg?

The first mover advantage is similar to the Stackelberg model of oligopoly, where the leader firm had an advantage over the follower firm. In many oligopoly situations, it pays to go first by entering a market before other firms.

**Which is more efficient Cournot or Bertrand?**

Furthermore, the Bertrand equilibrium is more efficient than the Cournot equilibrium if either R&D productivity is low, or spillovers are weak, or products are very different.

**What is the difference between marginal benefit and marginal cost Quizlet?**

Marginal Benefit vs. Marginal Cost: An Overview. Marginal benefit and marginal cost are two measures of how the cost or value of a product changes. While the former is a measurement from the consumer side of the equation, the latter is a measurement from the producer side.

## Is the Bertrand competition allocatively efficient?

This is allocatively efficient (P=MC) but firms may not cover their fixed costs. Bertrand Competition was developed by French mathematician Joseph Louis François Bertrand (1822–1900) who investigated claims of the Cournot model in Recherches sur les Principes Mathématiques de la Théorie des Richesses (1838)

**Which goods are not subject to the effect of marginal benefits?**

Prescription drugs and necessities such as electricity are goods and services that are not subject to the effect of marginal benefits. On the opposite side of the equation lies the producer of the good or service.

**What is marginal benefit?**

Marginal benefit is often expressed as the dollar amount the consumer is willing to pay for each purchase. It is the motivation behind such deals offered by stores that include “buy one, get one half off” promotions.

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