What are the biodiversity in Sri Lanka?

Biodiversity of Sri Lanka The species diversity of Sri Lanka shows that we have 4000 species of flowering plants, 107 species of freshwater fish, 59 species of amphibians, 174 species of reptiles, 435 species of birds, 140 species of mammals and several thousand invertebrates.

Why is biodiversity important PDF?

Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.

Why is biodiversity important in Sri Lanka?

Benefits derived from biodiversity contribute considerably to the Sri Lankan economy. Indeed sectors such as fisheries, agriculture and tourism depend highly on the preservation of a high level of biodiversity and the critical sources of revenue derived from it.

Why is Sri Lanka a biodiversity hotspot?

Sri Lanka’s biological richness is a product of the way the country has evolved over millennia. Its historic and geologic isolation from the continental landmass, topography, and climate have shaped its biogeography and biodiversity.

What is biodiversity introduction?

Biodiversity is the variety of living species on Earth – plants, animals and microorganisms – and the ecosystems they form. An ecosystem is the name given to all living species that live together in a stable community, interacting with one another and their physical environment.

How many biodiversity hotspots are there in Sri Lanka?

Together with India’s Western Ghats, Conservation International declared Sri Lanka one of 36 biodiversity hotspots that would reap maximum benefit from preservation efforts.

Is Sri Lanka biodiversity hotspot?

Project Background : Sri Lanka, along with the Western Ghats, is one of 34 ‘biodiversity hotspots’ of the world, with a large proportion of endemic species and a high dependence on its biodiversity for tourism and other social and economic activities.