What are the characteristics of Spanish colonization?

Jobs, government positions, titles to land, and almost everything else in the Americas functioned according to this system with those at the top getting preference over those lower on the list. Of course, discrimination and repression were features of Spanish colonial rule throughout its history.

What happened during the Spanish colonial period?

The Spanish colonial period of the Philippines began when explorer Ferdinand Magellan came to the islands in 1521 and claimed it as a colony for the Spanish Empire. The period lasted until the Philippine Revolution in 1898.

What did the Spanish do in Texas?

Spanish ranching as it was practiced in Texas formed the basis for the American cattle industry, which drew many of its original cattle from the mission herds. The Spanish also brought to the San Antonio valley a specialized method of farming that used irrigation.

What did the Spanish establish in Texas?

San Antonio de Valero Mission was established May 1, 1718, as the Spanish created the Presidio of San Antonio de Béxar and the attached civil settlement, which is present-day San Antonio. The community was to be a way-station on the journey from the Rio Grande to the East Texas missions.

What were the most important characteristics of New Spain?

A second characteristic of colonial New Spain was that conquest and exploitation made use of existing indigenous social structures. Spanish colonial efforts succeeded in areas with densely populated Indian towns and cities, such as those of the Triple Alliance and the Rio Grande Valley pueblos.

What were the social characteristics of colonial Latin America?

What were the social characteristics of colonial Latin America? Colonial governments mirrored the home governments. A major element of the economy was the mining of precious metals for export. Major cities were established as outposts of colonial authority.

What does colonial period mean?

Colonial period (a period in a country’s history where it was subject to management by a colonial power) may refer to: Colonial Chile. Spanish conquest of Guatemala. Viceroyalty of Peru. Colonial history of the United States.

What is the focus of education during Spanish period?

The early period. During the early years of Spanish colonization, education was mostly run by the Church. Spanish friars and missionaries educated the natives and converted indigenous populations to the Catholic faith.

Why did Spanish colonize Texas?

The Spanish Colonial era in Texas began with a system of missions and presidios, designed to spread Christianity and to establish control over the region.

When did Spanish colonial rule in Texas begin?

Though Spain laid claim to Texas, sustained Spanish settlement did not begin until the 1680s, after the French failed in settling East Texas. For the next 150 years, Spain settled and governed the region via Franciscan missions and presidios.

What are two purposes of Spanish missions in Texas?

The missions introduced European livestock, fruits, vegetables, and industry into the Texas area. In addition to the presidio (fortified church) and pueblo (town), the misión was one of the three major agencies employed by the Spanish crown to extend its borders and consolidate its colonial territories.

What is the characteristic of American colonial?

Characteristics: The Colonial period was dominated by Puritan beliefs and thus literature of this period is usually historical, religious, or didactic. The first slave narratives were written at this time. Imaginative literature was rare; in some colonies, it was banned for being immoral.

What was the social hierarchy of the Spanish colonies?

In the socio-racial hierarchy of the Spanish colonial world, Spaniards stood at the top, followed by the various castas, with Indians and Africans at the bottom. Lighter skin brought with it the possibility of “passing” either for oneself or for one’s children.

Who colonized East Texas in 1690?

1690 – Alonso De León, and Massanet were sent with several priest, and about 100 soldiers to colonize East Texas. Tejano Music – Music that originated from the cultural convergence of Spanish, German, Czech, and Polish music and instruments

What was the role of the Spanish presidios in the Americas?

The earliest were small garrisons of Spanish soldiers who protected travel along roadways. As towns began to grow around the presidios and the missions, the presidios’ role evolved into protecting not only roads, but also the developing Spanish missions and settlements.

How did the Texas Revolution change Galveston?

Among other things, pirates occasionally occupied Galveston Island and fortune-seekers, smugglers and revolutionaries periodically invaded Texas. Change brought by new Indian groups in the area continued, as the United States grew, and its frontier advanced farther west.