What do they call water on the brain?

Overview. Hydrocephalus is the buildup of fluid in the cavities (ventricles) deep within the brain. The excess fluid increases the size of the ventricles and puts pressure on the brain. Cerebrospinal fluid normally flows through the ventricles and bathes the brain and spinal column.

What causes children to be born with water on the brain?

The most common causes of congenital hydrocephalus are: Spina bifida and other brain and spinal cord (neural tube) defects. A narrowing of the small passage between the third and fourth ventricles of your brain (aqueductal stenosis). Complications of premature birth, such as bleeding within ventricles.

How do you explain a brain tumor to a child?

Most teens will want and appreciate detailed, accurate information. You will want to explain: • A brain tumor is an abnormal mass of tissue or cells growing in the brain. T he tumor is benign, meaning it’s not cancer, but it’s still pressing on the brain or the tumor is malignant, which means that it is cancer.

How does one get water on the brain?

Hydrocephalus Causes The three main causes of hydrocephalus are: A blockage. Tumors, cysts, birth defects, and other objects in the brain can block or affect the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid.

What are holes in the brain called?

Burr holes are small holes that a neurosurgeon makes in the skull. Burr holes are used to help relieve pressure on the brain when fluid, such as blood, builds up and starts to compress brain tissue. A layer of thin tissues called meninges surround and help protect the brain.

Can a child with hydrocephalus live a normal life?

It can be present at birth (congenital) or occur after birth (acquired). Pediatric hydrocephalus can be damaging if left untreated, but with early diagnosis and treatment, children with hydrocephalus can often lead normal, healthy lives.

Can a 12 year old get a brain tumor?

Brain tumors can grow at any age. Those that grow in infants and children are very different from those in adults. The types of brain tumors are based on the cell type and location in the brain. Some common symptoms of brain tumors are headache, nausea and vomiting, and trouble with movement.

What happens if you drink too much water?

Excess water in the body causes the body’s salt levels to go down and the cells to swell. This swelling causes them to grow in size, and those in the brain press against the skull. This pressure causes a throbbing headache and may lead to brain impairment and trouble breathing.

What are the three components of intracranial space?

– Idiopathic or benign intracranial hypertension – Skull deformities such as craniosynostosis – Hypervitaminosis A, tetracycline use

What are early signs of intracranial pressure?

Early signs of increased ICP include restlessness, confusion, lethargy, nausea, vomiting, headache, weakness, and sluggish pupil. Late signs are dilated nonreactive pupil, obtunded (People who are obtunded have a more depressed level of consciousness and cannot be fully aroused.), coma, and posturing.

Which symptom is the earliest indicator of increased intracranial pressure?

Which symptom is the earliest indicator of increased intracranial pressure? headache. nausea. vomiting. increased blood pressure. decreased mental abilities. confusion about time, and then location and people as the pressure worsens. double vision. pupils that don’t respond to changes in light.

What is intracranial space occupying lesion?

Key Words: Intracranial space-occupying lesions, Primary brain tumors, Clinical presentation. ORIGINAL ARTICLE INTRODUCTION The term “intracranial space-occupying lesion” refers to neoplasms as well as non-neoplastic lesions. Neoplasms may be benign or malignant and primary or metastatic. Non-neoplastic lesions include hematomas,