Where is astaxanthin produced?

freshwater microalgae Haematococcus pluvialis
Astaxanthin is a blood-red pigment and is produced naturally in the freshwater microalgae Haematococcus pluvialis and the yeast fungus Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous (also known as Phaffia). When the algae is stressed by lack of nutrients, increased salinity, or excessive sunshine, it creates astaxanthin.

Which form of astaxanthin is best?

Natural astaxanthin
‘Naturally good’: Natural astaxanthin top form for functionality and antioxidant activity – Review. Natural astaxanthin from algae has been “undisputedly demonstrated” to be the most effective form of the ingredient for a variety of health benefits, according to a new review.

Which algae produces astaxanthin?

Haematococcus pluvialis
Among the commercially important microalgae, Haematococcus pluvialis is the richest source of natural astaxanthin which is considered as “super anti-oxidant.” Natural astaxanthin produced by H. pluvialis has significantly greater antioxidant capacity than the synthetic one.

Who makes astaxanthin?

Algatech, a leading astaxanthin manufacturer, developed a proprietary ~3 months cultivation process that mimics astaxanthin accumulation in nature.

Who discovered astaxanthin?

Scientist Richard Kuhn
In 1938, renowned Scientist Richard Kuhn, Germany, recognised ´Astaxanthin´ with its deep red Krill color as what is now the sought after natural antioxidant from red Krill. Naming it Astaxanthin from Krill.

Is astaxanthin more powerful than glutathione?

Final Thoughts. With all of that said, we can get behind both glutathione and astaxanthin. They’re both fantastic antioxidants on their own, but when it comes to supporting immune function and protecting your body against illness and infection, glutathione takes the crown.

Does Spirulina contain astaxanthin?

Spirulina extracts was found to reduce EAC cell viability through other mechanism rather than apoptosis induction. Thus, these results suggest those ingestion Spirulina rich in β-carotene, astaxanthin and other carotenoids and α-tocopherol might have the chemopreventive potential.

What foods contain astaxanthin?

The natural sources of astaxanthin are algae, yeast, salmon, trout, krill, shrimp and crayfish. Astaxanthin from various microorganism sources are presented in Table 1. The commercial astaxanthin is mainly from Phaffia yeast, Haematococcus and through chemical synthesis.

Is astaxanthin FDA approved?

In 1987, the United States Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) approved astaxanthin as a feed additive for use in the aquaculture industry; in 1999, it was further approved for use as a dietary supplement [30]. Natural sources of astaxanthin include microalgae, yeast, shrimp, krill, and plankton [31].