How should parenthetical reference appear?
Usually, a parenthetical reference includes the author’s last name, or the title of the article if there is no author, and the page number. This changes depending on how you use the author’s text, and the information available to you about the source. Parenthetical references should go at the end of the sentence.
Can you use et al in a reference list?
The term “al.” is an abbreviation of “alii” and, the entire phrase “et al.” always follows at least one person’s name, job position, or title. With that said, “et al.” replaces author names in endnotes, footnotes, and in-text citations; however, it is NOT used in reference lists!
How do you parenthetically cite in APA?
Parenthetical Citations APA 7 Style uses the author-date citation method with parentheses. After a quote, add parentheses containing the author’s name, the year of publication, and the page number(s) the quote appears.
How do you cite in APA 6th edition?
The original work should be named in the body of your paper. In parentheses begin with “as cited in”. Then, add the last name of the author of the secondary source followed by the year of publication. Be sure to include a comma between the author’s name and the publication date.
Do you have to list all authors in a citation MLA?
MLA 8th edition has simplified the rule for citing multiple authors. Three or more authors are all treat the same way, using the words et al. This is not an abbreviation!
How do you cite a question in APA?
Punctuation Junction: Question Marks and Quotation Marks
- When the quotation itself is a question, put the question mark inside the quotation marks.
- When the sentence as a whole is a question, but the quoted material is not, put the question mark outside the quotation marks.
What is the difference between an in-text citation and a parenthetical citation APA?
In-text citations have two formats: parenthetical and narrative. In parenthetical citations, the author name and publication date appear in parentheses. In narrative citations, the author name is incorporated into the text as part of the sentence and the year follows in parentheses.
Do you have to list all authors in a citation?
Three to five authors: List all the authors the first time you cite the work: (Ackermann, Benjes-Small, Brainard, Smith, & Vassady, 2009). After the first time, use only the first author’s name followed by et al.: (Ackermann et al., 2009). Six authors or more: Never use them all in the in-text citation.
How do you cite a website in APA with multiple authors?
If you are citing a source that has multiple authors, follow these basic steps.
- 2 Authors: Always cite both authors’ names in-text everytime you reference them.
- 6 or More Authors: If a document has six or more authors, simply provide the last name of the first author with “et al.” from the first citation to the last.
Do you list all authors in APA?
For a work with up to 20 authors, include all of the names in the reference. When the work has 21 or more authors, include only the first 19 names, an ellipsis, and the final name (see this guideline in the fifth and sixth bullets in Section 9.8 of the Publication Manual and Example 4 in Chapter 10).
How do you reference?
Include the author/s name/s where possible. You should write the surname (last name) first followed by any initials. If there are more than three authors then you can cite the first author and use the abbreviation ‘et al’, meaning ‘and all’.
How do I cite an article in a sentence?
When you quote or paraphrase from a source (book, article, or webpage) in your paper, you need to insert a parenthetical citation. This citation typically consists of the author’s name, year of publication, and page number in parentheses at the end of the sentence. “This is a direct citation” (Chapman, 2019, p. 126).
How do you cite 3 authors in APA?
A Work by Three or More Authors List only the first author’s name followed by “et al.” in every citation, even the first, unless doing so would create ambiguity between different sources. In et al., et should not be followed by a period. Only “al” should be followed by a period.
How many authors do you have to cite in APA?
You may include up to 20 authors in a reference list entry.
Where do in-text citations appear?
In-text citations are typically placed at the end of a quote, sentence, or paragraph.
How do you do an in text citation for a website in APA?
When citing a web page or online article in APA Style, the in-text citation consists of the author’s last name and year of publication. For example: (Worland & Williams, 2015). Note that the author can also be an organization. For example: (American Psychological Association, 2019).
How do you cite 3 authors examples?
Citing Works With Three or More Authors Include only the last name of the first author, followed by “et al.” and the year published in all narrative and parenthetical citations APA. Note: The reference entry should list the names of up to 20 authors.
How many authors do you list before et al?
Only when a work has six or more authors should the first in-text citation consist of the first author followed by et al. With five or fewer authors, all the author surnames should be spelled out at first mention.
How do you cite a source in text?
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the Works Cited list, such as quotation marks.
How do you in text cite in APA with multiple authors?
APA in-text citations with multiple authors If a work has two authors, separate their names with an ampersand (&) in a parenthetical citation or “and” in a narrative citation. If there are three or more authors, only include the first author’s last name followed by “et al.”, meaning “and others”.