What are the different types of tracheostomy tubes?

Tracheostomy tubes are made of a variety of medical grade materials: plastic, silicone, sterling silver, and stainless steel. Two types of plastics commonly used are (PVC) polyvinyl chloride (Shiley™ and Portex™) and polyurethane (Tracoe®). Plastic tubes are single patient use, and considered disposable.

What causes tracheostomy infection?

Gram-negative organisms are responsible for 50% of deep infections in patients with tracheostomies. Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococci and b Haemolytic Streptococcus Group A are also common causes of bacterial infection in the patient.

How long can you live with a tracheostomy?

The median survival after tracheostomy was 21 months (range, 0-155 months). The survival rate was 65% by 1 year and 45% by 2 years after tracheostomy. Survival was significantly shorter in patients older than 60 years at tracheostomy, with a hazard ratio of dying of 2.1 (95% confidence interval, 1.1-3.9).

What are the 3 parts of a tracheostomy tube?

A commonly used tracheostomy tube consists of three parts: outer cannula with flange (neck plate), inner cannula, and an obturator. The outer cannula is the outer tube that holds the tracheostomy open.

What are the sizes of tracheostomy tubes?

A 10-mm outer diameter tube is usually appropriate for adult women, and an 11-mm outer diameter tube is usually ap- propriate for adult men as an initial tracheostomy tube size.

When was a tracheostomy invented?

Abstract. The first descriptions of tracheostomy appear in old Hindu scripts around 2000 BC and Egyptian documents around 1500 BC. Since then, other reports in animals and humans established the tracheostomy as a life saving procedure. Vesalius in 1543 reported the first tracheal intubation in an animal.

How do you stop a tracheostomy infection?

Prevent tracheostomy infection

  1. Wash your hands. Always wash your hands before and after any tracheostomy tube care.
  2. Clean tracheostomy equipment.
  3. Keep your neck clean and dry.
  4. Keep your mouth clean.
  5. Clean your home equipment.
  6. Keep hands clean.
  7. Skin should not have.
  8. Supplies you will need.

Does tracheostomy shorten your life?

Conclusions: Long-term tracheostomy may not increase the need for hospital care and does not reduce life expectancy.