What is lithosphere and asthenosphere?

The lithosphere (litho:rock; sphere:layer) is the strong, upper 100 km of the Earth. The lithosphere is the tectonic plate we talk about in plate tectonics. The asthenosphere (a:without; stheno:strength) is the weak and easily deformed layer of the Earth that acts as a “lubricant” for the tectonic plates to slide over.

What is lithosphere short define?

The lithosphere is the rocky outer part of the Earth. It is made up of the brittle crust and the top part of the upper mantle. The lithosphere is the coolest and most rigid part of the Earth.

What is a asthenosphere easy definition?

asthenosphere, zone of Earth’s mantle lying beneath the lithosphere and believed to be much hotter and more fluid than the lithosphere. The asthenosphere extends from about 100 km (60 miles) to about 700 km (450 miles) below Earth’s surface.

What is lithosphere 7th class?

(v) What is lithosphere? Answer: The solid crust or the hard top layer of the earth is called the lithosphere. It is made up of rocks and minerals and is covered by a thin layer of soil. It is an irregular surface with various landforms like mountains, plateaus, plains, etc.

What is the difference between lithosphere and asthenosphere Brainly?

The lithosphere is the layer below the atmosphere that consists of Earth’s crust and the uppermost solid layer of the mantel. They have a depth of 80km to 200km and have various mineral contents present. The asthenosphere is the layer below the lithosphere that consists of the uppermost weaker layer of the mantel.

Is the asthenosphere?

The asthenosphere is the denser, weaker layer beneath the lithospheric mantle. It lies between about 100 kilometers (62 miles) and 410 kilometers (255 miles) beneath Earth’s surface. The temperature and pressure of the asthenosphere are so high that rocks soften and partly melt, becoming semi-molten.

What is a lithosphere Class 7?

What is asthenosphere in geography class 11?

Depth: The mantle extends from Moho’s discontinuity to a depth of 2,900 km. Asthenosphere: The upper portion of the mantle is called asthenosphere. The word astheno means weak. It is considered to be extending upto 400 km. It is the main source of magma that finds its way to the surface during volcanic eruptions.

What is the asthenosphere state of matter?

The asthenosphere is a solid. Remember that there are four observable states of matter: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma.

What is lithosphere class 6th?

(1) Lithosphere: It is the hard, rocky outermost shell of the Earth made up of rocks and soil. Almost three-fourths of the total area of the Earth is covered by water and the remaining one-fourth is covered by land.

What is the importance of lithosphere Class 6?

Lithosphere provide us forests, grasslands for grazing land for agriculture and human settlements and also rich source of minerals. The lithosphere contains different types of rocks such as the igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, it helps to provide the necessary nutrients required to plants.

What are three facts about the lithosphere?

The crust is deepest in mountainous areas.

  • The continental and oceanic crusts are bonded to the mantle,which we spoke about earlier,and this forms a layer called the lithosphere.
  • Beneath the lithosphere,there is a hotter part of the mantle that is always moving.
  • Why is the lithosphere stiffer than the asthenosphere?

    – (1).Igneous or metamorphic rocks eroded to form sedimentary rocks. – (2).Igneous or sedimentary rocks modified by heat and pressure (without melting) into metamorphic rocks. – (3).Sedimentary and metamorphic rocks subducted and melted, minerals reassembled into new igneous rocks.

    What are facts about lithosphere?

    African Plate

  • Antarctic Plate
  • Eurasian Plate
  • Indo-Australian Plate
  • North American Plate
  • Pacific Plate
  • South-American Plate.
  • How do you describe the lithosphere?


  • Sedimentary
  • Metamorphic