What is the theory of transistor?

The Theory: A voltage or current applied to one pair of the transistor’s terminals changes the current through another pair of terminals. Because the controlled (output) power can be higher than the controlling (input) power, a transistor can amplify a signal.

What is the working principle of PNP transistor?

PNP Transistor works when Base Emitter junction is forward biased and the Base Collector junction is reverse biased. A junction is said to be forward biased when a P-type semiconductor is connected with the positive terminal and N-type semiconductor is connected to the negative terminal.

What are the 3 mode of transistor?

Cut-off — The transistor acts like an open circuit. No current flows from collector to emitter. Active — The current from collector to emitter is proportional to the current flowing into the base. Reverse-Active — Like active mode, the current is proportional to the base current, but it flows in reverse.

How does a BC547 work?

The BC547 is a NPN transistor meaning when power is applied to the base (control pin) it will flow from the collector to the emitter. Typically NPN transistors are used to “switch ground” on a device, meaning, they are placed after the load in a circuit.

How transistor works as a switch?

With a zero signal applied to the Base of the transistor it turns “OFF” acting like an open switch and zero collector current flows. With a positive signal applied to the Base of the transistor it turns “ON” acting like a closed switch and maximum circuit current flows through the device.

What is difference between PNP and npn?

As they are normally referred, PNP and NPN sensors are both supplied with positive and negative power leads, then produce a signal to indicate an “on” state. PNP sensors produce a positive output to your industrial controls input, while NPN sensors produce a negative signal during an “on” state.

Why BJT is called bipolar device?

device is often called the bipolar junction transistor because its operation requires that the negatively charged electrons and their positively charged counterparts (the holes corresponding to an absence of electrons in the crystal lattice) coexist briefly in the presence of one another.