Who gets authorship in a paper?

Authorship Standards. Authorship of a scientific or scholarly paper should be limited to those individuals who have contributed in a meaningful and substantive way to its intellectual content.

What qualifies a scientist for authorship?

The ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria: Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND.

Who should be first author on a paper?

The guidelines here are not as well defined as for authorship in general, Riesenberg and Lundberg[2] have made certain very important and simple suggestions to decide the sequence of authorship: The first author should be that person who contributed most to the work, including writing of the manuscript.

How many first authors can a paper have?

Sometimes papers have multiple first authors, in the sense that it is stated explicitly in the paper that “These authors have contributed equally to the work”. But in citations and reference lists this information is often not preserved, and so the paper will, for many purposes, only have one first author.

Are contributors considered authors?

The author of a work is the person who has been involved in all aspects of the creation of the work including research, design, analysis, and final presentation of the work. A contributor: is a person who may have provided purely technical help or writing assistance.

How do you determine the order of authorship?

As mentioned above, the most common way authors are listed is by relative contribution. The author who most substantially worked on the draft article and the underlying research becomes the first author. The others are ranked in descending order of contribution.

How do you order an author in APA?

Rule 6.25 of the Publication Manual directs us to “arrange entries in alphabetical order by the surname of the first author followed by initials of the author’s given name.” We are also instructed to order several works by the same first author by year of publication, the earliest first.

How do you reference a contributor to a book?

References in the text are made by giving the author’s last name and the date of publication, separated by a comma (for example: Smith, 1990). In the text, works with two authors are cited by both authors’ last names separated by an ampersand, followed by date of publication (for example: Smith & Jones, 1990).