What is ethics clearance?
Ethics clearance is granted on the understanding that any unanticipated problems and risks, changes to the research plan, or any harm (social, psychological, physical or legal) must be reported to the research ethics committee.
What makes a secondary source credible?
Secondary sources contain research findings and purpose of studies already done by other people on some subjects. For example, a secondary source interprets, summarizes, and analyzes primary data. In this case, primary resources contain opinions of the author on data from research.
What makes an unreliable source?
The following are unreliable sources because they require confirmation with a reliable source: Wikipedia: although this is a good starting point for finding initial ideas about a topic, some of their information and attached resources may not be reliable. Self-published sources. Opinionated articles such as editorials.
How do you write an ethics statement?
How to write a personal ethics statement
- Consider your audience.
- Identify your goals.
- List what influences you.
- Write about your beliefs and practices.
- Clarify your “why.”
What does ethics approval mean?
Ethical approval is an integral part of the research process. It aims to protect both researchers and participants. Participants should have enough details to make informed, autonomous decisions.
Which is more credible primary or secondary sources?
A primary source gives you direct access to the subject of your research. Secondary sources provide second-hand information and commentary from other researchers. Primary sources are more credible as evidence, but good research uses both primary and secondary sources.
What are dissertation ethics?
Your dissertation and university ethics guidelines. The five main ethical principles you should abide by, in most cases, include: (a) minimising the risk of harm; (b) obtaining informed consent; (c) protecting anonymity and confidentiality; (d) avoiding deceptive practices; and (e) providing the right to withdraw.
How do you write ethics in research?
The following is a general summary of some ethical principles:
- Honesty: Honestly report data, results, methods and procedures, and publication status.
- Respect for Intellectual Property:
- Responsible Publication:
What are the advantages and disadvantages of secondary sources?
- Advantages: Secondary sources provide a variety of expert perspectives and insights.
- Disadvantages: Because secondary sources are not necessarily focused on your specific topic, you may have to dig to find applicable information.
- Advantages: They offer a quick, easy introduction to your topic.
How do you ensure sources are credible?
There are several main criteria for determining whether a source is reliable or not.
- 1) Accuracy. Verify the information you already know against the information found in the source.
- 2) Authority. Make sure the source is written by a trustworthy author and/or institution.
- 3) Currency.
- 4) Coverage.
What are the problems of using secondary data?
However, secondary data can present problems, too. The data may be out of date or inaccurate. If using data collected for different research purposes, it may not cover those samples of the population researchers want to examine, or not in sufficient detail.
How do I know if a source is credible?
How to determine if a source is credible?
- Examine the source’s and author’s credentials and affiliations.
- Evaluate what sources are cited by the author.
- Make sure the source is up-to-date.
- Check the endorsements and reviews that the source received.
- Check if the publisher of the source is reputable.
Does my study require ethical approval?
Decisions on the conduct of a study, including whether there is a need for ethical approval, is the responsibility of the Principal Investigator. Regardless of whether or not ethical approval is necessary, in the vast majority of cases research with human participants requires appropriate consent.
How long does HRA approval take?
For studies submitted in December 2016, the median time from REC approval (or from valid application for non-REC studies) to HRA Approval was about 20 elapsed calendar days, i.e. including the time for applicants to respond and any other approvals (e.g. clinical trial authorisation) to be issued.
Why is ethical approval needed?
Ethical approval of a research project also helps to increase the legitimacy of research findings. This is important for those making decisions based on the research results. Ethical approval of a research project also helps to increase the legitimacy of research findings.
How do you seek ethical approval?
Studies needing ethical approval require a chief/principal investigator and sponsor, often the host university/Trust. The study protocol should be underpinned by a thorough review of the literature. Key components are: summary, background, aim, objectives, design, methods, analysis, perceived benefits, and resources.
What are the two main ethical principles for psychologists?
Psychologists should respect the right to dignity, privacy, and confidentiality of those they work with professionally. 4 They should also strive to minimize their own biases as well as be aware of issues related to diversity and the concerns of particular populations.
What is ethics approval?
Ethical review is a process by which an independent committee assesses the ethics, quality, methods and researcher capabilities of a project against the guidelines provided by the NHMRC. All research must have: consider ethical issues associated with the methodology being employed. …
What are the ethics in psychology?
Ethics refers to the correct rules of conduct necessary when carrying out research. We have a moral responsibility to protect research participants from harm. However important the issue under investigation psychologists need to remember that they have a duty to respect the rights and dignity of research participants.
When should you seek ethical approval?
This approval must be obtained before research participants can be approached and before data collection can begin. The process of ethical review is one way that research participants can be confident that possible risks have been considered, minimised and deemed acceptable.
Do you need ethical approval for a questionnaire?
Since your research involves human participants, you will need research ethics approval. If the project raises no significant ethical issues and is considered ‘low risk’, your supervisor can approve it and you will not need to submit an application to the Faculty Research Ethics Committee (FREC).
Do focus groups need ethical approval?
In line with ethical principles of social research, appropriate information about the research process should be provided, and consent should be obtained from all research participants prior to conducting surveys, focus groups or interviews (among other methods). This consent can be written, or audio/video recorded.