Who is EIA India?

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) released a new draft Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) 2020 on March 12, 2020 and sought comments from the public, till August 11.

What is the EIA process in India?

Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) is a formal process used to predict the environmental consequences of any development project. Environment Impact Assessment in India is statutory backed by the Environment Protection Act in 1986, which contains various provisions on EIA methodology and process.

What is need for EIA in India?

It helps in preventing natural calamities such as landslides and floods. It promotes a good relationship between the government, developers, Environmentalist, and the people around them. EIA helps minimize judiciary burdens, as many projects can confront legal disputes in the absence of the proper study.

What is EIA notification in India?

Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) is a systematic process to identify, predict, and evaluate the environmental effects of proposed actions and projects. Generally, an EIA is conducted before deciding to proceed with a specific project or activity.

Who prepare an EIA?

Preparation of EIA is done by consultants. Therefore, the selection criterion for the organisation is fees/cost rather than the expertise of EIA team. Two tier of EIA review, One conducted after the completion of EIA to check the adequacy and effectiveness of EIA and the second done before decision-making.

What are the disadvantages of EIA?

Weakness: Costly Time Delays EIA always means delays, for both government and company projects. This can be annoying for those planning the projects who have deadlines that must be filled. As a result, EIA projects are sometimes hurried along more than they should be.

What are the merits of EIA?

The Benefits of Environmental Assessment

  • Reduced cost and time of project implementation.
  • Cost-saving modifications in project design.
  • Increased project acceptance.
  • Avoided impacts and violations of laws and regulations.
  • Improved project performance.
  • Avoided treatment/clean up costs.

What are the benefits of the EIA process?

EIA benefits occur in many guises: improved project design, improved decision making, better information disclosure, more public involvement, better co-operation, smoother processes etc.. High information quality in EIA is a prerequisite for these benefits to ma- terialize.

What is the history of EIA in India?

History of EIA in India The Indian experience with Environmental Impact Assessment began over 20 years back. It started in 1976-77 when the Planning Commission asked the Department of Science and Technology to examine the river-valley projects from an environmental angle.

What is the new EIA legislation?

The MoEF recently notified new EIA legislation in September 2006. The notification makes it mandatory for various projects such as mining, thermal power plants, river valley, infrastructure (road, highway, ports, harbours and airports) and industries including very small electroplating or foundry units to get environment clearance.

How is an EIA application scrutinised by the Ministry?

Once an application has been submitted by a project authority alongwith all the requisite documents specified in the EIA Notification, it is scrutinised by the technical staff of the Ministry prior to placing it before the Environmental Appraisal Committees.

What are the countries where Eia was introduced?

A large part of the initial development took place in a few high-income countries, like Canada, Australia, and New Zealand (1973-74). However, there were some developing countries as well, which introduced EIA relatively early – Columbia (1974), Philippines (1978).