Why Sardar Sarovar Dam is in conflict?
A project report prepared for the dam led to much dispute over the means of distributing the Narmada water among the three states- Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. As the negotiations bore no fruit, a Narmada Water Dispute Tribunal (NWDT) was created in 1969 to decide the fate of the project.
Who opposed Sardar Sarovar Dam?
Medha Patkar is an Indian activist and one of the initiators of The Save the Narmada Movement, Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA). The movement has mobilised people against huge dam projects since the late 1980s.
What are the disadvantages of Sardar Sarovar Dam?
This has brought about extensive environmental consequences, such as a negative effect on downstream fishing, threat on wildlife natural habitat, waterlogging and salinization of water, silting of the river bed, deforestation (Morse Report 1992; Kothari & Ram, 1994).
Who opposed Narmada dam?
Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA) is an Indian social movement spearheaded by native tribals (adivasis), farmers, environmentalists and human rights activists against a number of large dam projects across the Narmada River, which flows through the states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.
Who have taken up the cause of Sardar Sarovar Dam related issue?
Role Of World Bank in Narmada Bachao Andolan In 1985, the World Bank agreed to finance the Sardar Sarovar Dam with a contribution of $450 million without consulting the indigenous communities that were to be displaced.
Who owns Sardar Sarovar Dam?
Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Limited
The dam was inaugurated in 2017 by Prime minister Narendra Modi. The water level in the Sardar Sarovar Dam at Kevadia in Narmada district reached its highest capacity at 138.7 metres on 15 September 2019….
|Sardar Sarovar Dam
|138 m (453 ft)
|Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Limited
Who protested the project of Narmada in Madhya Pradesh?
In January 1991, Baba Amte and the seven-member team began an indefinite hunger strike (continued for 22 days) and committed to a sit-in unto death. The Sardar Sarovar Dam’s construction began again in 1999 and was declared finished in 2006. The height of the project was increased from 138 meters to 163 meters.
Why did the Narmada Bachao Andolan opposed the dam projects in the Narmada Valley?
The Narmada Bachao Aandolan opposed the dam projects in the Narmada Valley on the following grounds : (i) In the process of construction of the dam 245 villages were expected to be submerged. (ii) It required relocation and proper rehabilitation of about two and a half lakh people from these villages.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of Sardar Sarovar Dam?
a) it helps to generate electricity. disadvantages : a) it has displaced many people which are today also facing its consequences. c) it effects the aquatic life especially spawning.
Which is the longest dam in India?
Hirakud Dam is built across the Mahanadi River, about 15 kilometres (9 mi) from Sambalpur in the state of Odisha in India. It is the longest earthen dam in the world. Behind the dam extends a lake, Hirakud Reservoir, 55 km (34 mi) long.
Why did followers of Narmada Bachao Andolan oppose Sardar Sarovar Dam?
What were the reasons for movement against constructing dams on Narmada River?
question. Narmada Bachao Andolan movement was a massive social movement organised by Medha Patkar. The main cause of this movement was large scale dam construction besides the Narmada River. This caused huge displacement of people in these areas due to the slow progress of government’s rehabilitation policy.
Why is the Sardar Sarovar Dam so controversial?
The dam is one of India’s most controversial, and its environmental impact and net costs and benefits are widely debated. The World Bank was initially funding SSD, but withdrew in 1994 at the request of the Government of India when the state governments were unable to comply with the loan’s environmental and other requirements.
How deep is Sardar Sarovar Dam on Narmada?
Having a length of 1.2 kms and a depth of 163 metres, the Sardar Sarovar Dam is expected to be shared among the three states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat. On occasion of his 67th birthday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated the Sardar Sarovar Dam on the Narmada river.
Which of the following states receive water from Sardar Sarovar Dam?
Gujarat,Madhya Pradesh,Maharashtra,Rajasthan. The Sardar Sarovar Dam is a concrete gravity dam built on the Narmada river in Kevadiya near Navagam, Gujarat in India. Four Indian states, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan, receive water and electricity supply from the dam.
What is the Sardar Sarovar Project?
The Sardar Sarovar project was a vision of the first deputy prime minister of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.