What is serovar Lepttospirosis?
interrogans serovar Copenhageni LPS comprises of some specific sugars, such as fucose and acetylglucosamine (Patra et al., 2015). It is well known that LPS is involved in pathogenesis of Gram-negative bacteria, including pathogenic Leptospira species.
Is Leptospira anaerobic?
Leptospira, Borrelia, and Spirillum cause disease characterized by clinical stages with remissions and exacerbations. Leptospira organisms are very thin, tightly coiled, obligate aerobic spirochetes characterized by a unique flexuous type of motility.
What are the two types of leptospirosis?
There are two main types of leptospirosis. Mild leptospirosis: This accounts for 90 percent of cases. Symptoms include muscle pain, chills, and possibly a headache. Severe leptospirosis: Between 5 and 15 percent of cases can progress to severe leptospirosis.
Which form of leptospirosis is known as Weil’s disease?
The icteric phase of leptospirosis is classically known as Weil’s disease. This is a severe infection, and the manifestations include fever, renal failure, jaundice, hemorrhage, and respiratory distress. The icteric phase may also involve the heart, CNS, and muscles.
What is the meaning of serovars?
[ sîr′ō-vâr′ ] Save This Word! n. A group of closely related microorganisms distinguished by a characteristic set of antigens.
What is Anicteric leptospirosis?
Anicteric leptospirosis is a self-limited, mild flulike illness. Icteric leptospirosis, also known as Weil disease, is a severe illness characterized by multiorgan involvement or even failure. Two distinct phases of illness are observed in the mild form: the septicemic (acute) phase and the immune (delayed) phase.
How many types of leptospirosis are there?
What are the different types of Leptospira serovars?
Other Leptospira serovars encountered in animals and humans include serovars Hebdomadis, Hardjo, Pomona, Lora, Australis and Canicola. The seroprevalence of these serovars in different animal species and humans shows relatively lower prevalence compared to the proportions of serovar Sokoine, Kenya and Lora.
Can Leptospira serovars be used in subsequent mat for diagnosis of leptospirosis?
The seroprevalence of different Leptospira serovars in different animal species shows varying seropositivity which indicate that these serovars can be used in subsequent MAT for diagnosis of leptospirosis in animal species reported hereunder (Fig 3). An over 10-fold increase in seroprevalence of leptospirosis in humans, wild and domestic mamma…
What are serovars and serogroups?
Serovars, as the name implies, are classified using serological testing and not DNA. Over the last decade a lot of DNA work has been done on the leptospira ‘family tree’ and the one clear outcome is that the serogroups and serovars are often genetically diverse.
What is the serotype of Leptospira Hardjo in cattle?
The serovar Hardjo of Leptospira whose primary host is cattle has been studied extensively, but few data exist on other current circulating or emerging serotypes. To better understand the disease in cattle and how to prevent and/or control it, it is necessary to identify the genotype and the serotype of circulating Leptospira.