What Is an ASAP report?
About the ASAP The Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP) is a voluntary, self-reporting program that identifies and reduces possible flight safety concerns and mitigates risk.
What is Fato and Tlof?
The TLOF is a load-bearing, generally paved area, normally centered in the FATO, on which the helicopter lands and / or takes off. The FATO is a defined area over which the pilot completes the final phase of the approach to a hover or a landing, and from which the pilot initiates take-off.
What are the 4 forces that act on a helicopter?
There are four forces acting on a helicopter in flight. They are lift, weight, thrust, and drag. See figure 2-1. Lift is the upward force created by the effect of airflow as it passes around an airfoil.
What does HIGE and Hoge mean?
If you ever review the specifications for a helicopter, you may come across the acronyms ‘HIGE’ (for ‘hovering in ground effect) and ‘HOGE’ (hovering out of ground effect). These terms are typically applied when referring to operating ceilings for aircraft, and relate to the power available from the engine(s).
What is the difference between ASAP and ASRS?
In this case, FAA can initiate administrative action against you, and your ASRS report receipt will provide a waiver from any imposed penalty, e.g., a license suspension; however, the administrative action will become part of your FAA file/record. ASAP, on the other hand, is a confidential, voluntary reporting program.
When should I file ASAP report?
The report must be submitted within 24 hours (or 48 hours for international flights) after the end of the duty on the day the submitter became aware of the occurrence. In some cases, the report can be submitted up to 24 hours after the reporter is made aware of an event they should not have reasonably know about.
What is difference between helipad and heliport?
What is the Difference Between a Heliport and a Helipad? A heliport is similar to an airport in that it is a facility designed to support the takeoff and landing of several helicopters from its hub. By contrast, a helipad is a single takeoff and landing zone designated for use by one helicopter at a time.
What are the 4 mechanics of flight?
These same four forces help an airplane fly. The four forces are lift, thrust, drag, and weight. As a Frisbee flies through the air, lift holds it up. You gave the Frisbee thrust with your arm.
What is dissymmetry of lift in helicopter?
Dissymmetry of lift (also known as asymmetry of lift or asymmetric lift) in rotorcraft aerodynamics refers to an unequal amount of lift on opposite sides of the rotor disc. It is a phenomenon that affects single-rotor helicopters and autogyros in forward flight.
What is IGE and OGE?
Hover charts are provided for in ground effect (IGE) hover and out of ground effect (OGE) hover under various conditions of gross weight, altitude, temperature, and power. The IGE hover ceiling is usually higher than the OGE hover ceiling because of the added lift benefit produced by ground effect.
What is Ige in aviation?
IGE, OGE and Recirculation In Ground Effect (IGE) is a condition where the downwash of air from the main rotor is able to react with a hard surface (the ground), and give a useful reaction to the helicopter in the form of more lift force available with less engine power required.
Are you slipping into helicopter management?
Here are a few signs you’ve slipped into helicopter managing: 1. Your employees are getting testy.
How do you authorize a helicopter to take off and land?
Authorize helicopters to conduct simultaneous landings or takeoffs if the distance between the landing or takeoff points is at least 200 feet and the courses to be flown do not conflict. Refer to surface markings to determine the 200 foot minimum, or instruct a helicopter to remain at least 200 feet from another helicopter. (See FIG 3-11-6 .)
When to request a helicopter to proceed expeditiously from one place to another?
When requested or necessary for a helicopter to proceed expeditiously from one point to another, normally below 100 feet AGL and at airspeeds above 20 knots, use the following phraseology, supplemented as appropriate with the phraseology in paragraph 3-7-2, Taxi and Ground Movement Operations.
What are helicopters?
Helicopters are now as fully equipped as airplanes, with retractable landing gear and full instrumentation and navigation equipment, and are provided with whatever accoutrements may be necessary to accomplish the specific task at hand.