How much does a desalination plant cost?

Design capacity of the KBH plant is 27.5 million gallons per day (MGD). The 2010 biennial report on seawater desalination projected that it will cost approximately $32 million to build a 2.5 MGD seawater desalination plant, and approximately $658 million to build a 100 MGD seawater desalination plant in Texas.

How much does it cost to desalinate 1 gallon of sea water?

How much does water desalination cost? While there are many variables related to the cost of desalinated water, Texas Water Development Board states a good rule of thumb is $1.10-2.40 per 1,000 gallons for brackish water and $2.46-4.30 per 1,000 gallons for seawater desalination.

Does Tampa have a desalination plant?

The Tampa Bay Seawater Desalination facility is a drought-proof, alternative water supply that provides up to 25 million gallons per day of drinking water to the region. Seawater coming into the plant goes through a rigorous pretreatment process then freshwater is separated from the seawater using reverse osmosis.

How much does it cost to produce desalinated water?

Desalinated water typically costs about $2,000 an acre foot — roughly the amount of water a family of five uses in a year. The cost is about double that of water obtained from building a new reservoir or recycling wastewater, according to a 2013 study from the state Department of Water Resources.

What is the lifespan of a desalination plant?

25 to 30 years
Usually, the useful life of a well-designed and operated seawater desalination plant is 25 to 30 years. Because intake wells may often have a shorter useful life span than that of the desalination plant, two sets of intake wells could potentially need to be constructed over the useful life of the desalination plant.

Are desalination plants cost effective?

MSF distillation plants produce about 60 percent of all desalinated water in the world, and the MSF process is considered to be the most cost-effective process for the production of fresh water from seawater in places where the cost of energy is relatively low, such as in the Arabian Gulf.

Where is the largest desalination plant in the United States?

Carlsbad plant
Poseidon’s Carlsbad plant, sold to Aberdeen Standard Investments in 2019, produces 50 million gallons of drinking water daily, enough for 400,000 homes and meeting 10% of San Diego County’s water demand. It is the largest desalination plant in the United States.

Who owns Tampa Bay water?

The member governments that make up the board of directors are: The cities of New Port Richey, St. Petersburg, Florida, and Tampa, and Hillsborough County, Pasco County, and Pinellas County. These member governments provide water to over 2.5 million citizens.

How many gallons of water can a desalination plant produce?

Typically, a large seawater desalination plant has thousands of membrane elements connected into a highly automated and efficient water treatment system which typically produces 1 gallon of fresh water from approximately 2 gallons of seawater.

What are the negatives of desalination?

The Disadvantages of Desalination

  • Waste Disposal. As with any process, desalination has by-products that must be taken care of.
  • Brine Production. Brine is the side product of desalination.
  • Ocean Populations.
  • Health Concerns.
  • Energy Use.

Can desalination be made cheaper?

The Takeaway: New membranes made from better materials could someday make desalination faster and cheaper. However, many of these technologies are only being done on a small scale and will require significant research and funding to be widely used.

How much water does the Tampa Bay desalination plant supply?

The end product is high-quality drinking water that supplies up to 10 percent of the region’s needs. The Tampa Bay Seawater Desalination Plant has provided more than 26 billion gallons of clean, safe drinking water to the Tampa Bay region since the plant went online in 2007. Click to enlarge map.

Is the desalination plant approved by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection?

Each study was approved by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and conducted in accordance with FDEP methods by a FDEP-approved laboratory. Each study concluded that the desalination plant would produce high-quality drinking water without harm to Tampa Bay’s water quality or marine life.

When was the first desalination plant built in the US?

It was originally scheduled to open in 2006. The largest seawater desalination facility in the US, it produces an initial 25 million gallons per day (mgd) of drinking water, to help reduce the growing demand on the area’s aquifers. The plant now provides 10% of the region’s drinking water supply.

How does the desalination plant work?

The desalination plant has monitoring and alarm systems to track the salinity of the source water, desalinated drinking water and concentrated seawater discharged back into Tampa Bay. Measurements are taken in several areas before, within and after the plant.